Native Youth Programs in the 2018 Farm Bill

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Native Youth Programs in the 2018 Farm Bill

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Supplemental Agricultural Disaster Assistance

Amends Section 1501(e) of the Agricultural Act of 2014 to require the Secretary to provide a reimbursement of 75 percent of the losses for beginning and veteran farmers and ranchers (also includes young producers) under the Tree Assistance Program

Implementation Status: Unclear

  • No current information on applications available


Funding of Conservation Reserve Program

Transition Incentives Program – Increases funding to $50 million, including up to $5 million for outreach and technical assistance, for the transfer of lands from existing CRP contract holders to new and beginning or socially disadvantaged producers (including young producers)

Implementation Status: Self-Implementing

  • Funding Increase

Assistance to Certain Farmers or  Ranchers for Conservation Access

Set-asides for “beginning” and “socially disadvantaged” farmers or ranchers, including young producers, are reauthorized for 5 percent

Implementation Status: Self-Implementing

  • Reauthorization of existing set-asides

Administrative Requirements for Conservation Programs

Requires USDA to enter into alternative funding arrangements for conservation programs under the Conservation Stewardship Program and Environmental Quality Incentives Program, allowing beginning and young producers to have access to these programs administered at the tribal level.

Implementation Status: Pending

  • Awaiting administrative guidance and/or regulation from the USDA


Foreign Trade Missions

Requires the Secretary to seek to support greater inclusion and participation of Native farmers, ranchers, and producers on international trade missions. This also requires a report to Congress within 2 years regarding the efforts of the agencies to increase tribal inclusion on international trade missions.

Implementation Status: Pending

  • No report is publicly available


Food Distribution Program on Indian Reservations

Demonstration Project for Tribal Organizations – Authorizes $5 million for demonstration projects for tribal organizations to enter into 638 self-determination contracts to procure foods for FDPIR packages, allowing for more locally sourced foods from youth producers in the area.

Implementation Status: Pending

  • Congress appropriated $3 million for this demonstration project, available to be expended until Sept. 30, 2021. Congress appropriated an additional $3 million for this project in 2020. Those funds are available until Sept. 30, 2022.
  • USDA has opened the application process for this authority, with applications due March 15, 2021.Food Distribution on Indian Reservations: “638” Self-Governance Demonstration Project


GAO Report

Requires the GAO to study the availability of agriculture credit to tribes and tribal producers, including young producers, within the Farm Credit System.

Implementation Status: Complete


Establishment of Technical Assistance Program

Establishes a permanent Rural Development Tribal Technical Assistance Office to provide technical assistance across all areas of rural development funding for tribal governments, tribal producers, tribal businesses, tribal business entities and tribal designated housing entities.

Implementation Status: Pending

  • No information publicly available


Native American Student Scholarship Fund

Creates a new Native American student scholarship fund for tribal students attending land-grant universities and colleges

Implementation Status: Complete

  • Institutions have begun receiving funds

Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Activities

Partnerships to build capacity in international agricultural research, extension, and teaching – Includes 1994 Tribal Colleges as eligible for program to build the capacity and improve the performance activities substantially similar to agricultural research, extension, and teaching activities.

Implementation Status: Complete

McIntire-Stennis Forestry Program

Assistance for forestry research under the McIntire- Stennis Cooperative Forestry Act – Makes 1994 Tribal Colleges eligible for McIntire-Stennis Forestry program capacity funding

Implementation Status: Complete

  • TCUs listed as eligible applicants in 2020 RFAs

Smith-Lever Community Extension Program

Adds TCUs as eligible for funding for the Children, Youth and Families at Risk (CYFAR) Program and the Federally Recognized Tribes Extension Program (FRTEP).

Implementation Status: Pending

  • No information on the USDA-NIFA website indicates that 1994 TCUs are eligible for funding under FRTEP and/or CYFAR. No recent RFA has been posted. IFAI Resource: Program Highlight: Federally Recognized Tribes Extension Program (FRTEP)


Local Agriculture Market Program

Establishes tribal eligibility in local programs to grow, process, and market Native foods, including those produced by beginning and young producers.

Implementation Status: Complete

  • The LAMP program partially combines and streamlines two existing, cornerstone local/regional food system programs: the Farmers Market and Local Food Promotion Program (FMLFPP) and Value- Added Producers Grant Program (VAPG)


Underserved Producers

Includes tribal producers in definition of “underserved producers” for review and report of whether crop insurance is providing adequate coverage.

Implementation Status: Unclear/Pending

  • Tribes included as part of “underserved producers” in legislation, but no RMA report is publicly available


Creates permanent, mandatory baseline funding for outreach, education, and training for beginning and socially disadvantaged farmers and ranchers, including youth tribal farmers and ranchers, in the new Farming Opportunities Training Outreach program, and specifies tribal government and tribal producer eligibility for grants under these programs.

Implementation Status: Complete

  • This program merged the Beginning Farmer and Rancher Development Program (BFRDP) and the Outreach and Assistance to Socially Disadvantaged and Veteran Farmers and Ranchers Program (aka “Section 2501”) programs under the same umbrella, while also slightly modifying the criteria for each

Posted on

June 6, 2023